11-day trip to Namibia

Visiting Windhoek, Okahandaja, Waterberg Plateau, Grootfontein, Hoba Meteorite, Etosha National Park, Halali, Outjo, Kamanjab, Kaokoveld, Epupa Falls, Himba village, Opuwo, Damaralang, Etendeka, Fort Sesfontein, Petrified Forest, Organ Pipes, Burnt Mountain, the rock engravings at Twyfelfontein, the Namib region, Valley of the Pyramids, Sebha, Germa, Msak Settafet, Methkandoush Wadi, Great Wadi Imriwan, Idehan Murzuq, Msak Mellet, Abahoa Pass, Wan Kasa, Akakus, Wadi Wan Millal, Imenineh well, Wadi Anshal, Natural Arch, Tezeren, Tingaliga Arch, Wadi Tashwinat, Tinankofot, Inapolu Arch, Wadi Melol, Wadi Adad, Awiss, Alkamar, Al Alweinat, Ubari, Ubari Lakes, Mandara Lake, Umm Al Maa Lake, Mavo Lake, Gebraoun Lake, Tekerkiba.

 

We organized our three-week trip to Namibia with great accuracy in order to see the most important places of the country.

After carefully considering the offers received by various Namibian Travel Agencies, contacted via Internet, we accepted the offer of the Sunrise Tours & Safaris (link:  http://www.africa-adventure.org.za/s/sunrise/ )

We couldn’t make a better choice.

Mrs. Gertrude planned an extraordinary journey choosing excellent hotels and / or tented camps, thus obtaining a good  quality / price ratio even better  than our best expectations.

Benghazi: visiting the Suq, the Al Mukhar Museum and the characteristic lighthouse

Benghazi is not an attractive city for tourists. We visited the Souq (marketplace) and Al Mukhar Museum; we saw the characteristic lighthouse and went for a walk in the nearby streets.

Al Mukhar Museum

Al Mukhar Museum

Benghazi – Libya

Cyrenaica: visiting the Museum Qsar Libya with its beautiful mosaics

We left to go and visit the most interesting archaeological sites of Cyrenaica. Suddenly Libya betrayed us. The dreaded Ghibli, a warm wind, started to blow bringing the sands of the desert.

In the photos, I tried to show the “red ” present in the atmosphere.

We visited the magnificent mosaics located in the Museum of Qsar Libya.

There are fifty mosaic panels of exceptional beauty.

Mosaics

Mosaics

Qsar – Libya

Cyrene, visited with the desert wind Ghibli)

The Ghibli wind disturbed us a lot, especially in Cyrene. We chewed sand and our eyes were full of it, especially during the visit at the Gymnasium, the Basilica, at Jason Magnus and Hesychius’ s houses.Then we entered the Agora where we admired the Temple of Aesculapius, the naval monument, the Sanctuary of Demeter and Kore where two Roman statues are opposite to two Greek ones.Finally, the Temples of Zeus and Apollo where they grew the medicinal herb “silphium” that made ​​the fortune of Cyrene. Going down towards the valley, we met the Greek Baths, then we visited the holy city with numerous monuments among which the Greek Theatre stands out for scenographical importance.Then we visited the Temple of Zeus, impressive and well preserved.
Holy city

Holy city

Cyrene

Museum of Cyrene

Due to the considerable amount of material discovered in recent years by Italian archaeologists, it was recently opened the Museum of Cyrene rich in findings of great historical and artistic importance.
Museum of Cyrene

Museum of Cyrene

Libya

Visiting Apollonia

The Ghibli wind stopped and the rain began to fall.

And it was under a pouring rain that we visited Apollonia. We saw the Western Basilica, the Central Church, the Governor’s Palace and the Byzantine Greek Theatre where the palm represented in all the pictures was  lying, dead, on the stage.

Basilica

Basilica

Apollonia – Libya

Tripoli: visiting the city

Tripoli welcomed us with a beautiful sunny day.

The Green Square and the monuments of the colonial area are all historically significant. Beyond them, it stands the Al Fatah skyscraper,  symbol of modernity, which is located not far from the Roman Arch of Marcus Aurelius, symbol of antiquity. Nearby there is the Sidi Abdul Wahab White Mosque.

Assai al-Hamra

Assai al-Hamra

Tripoli – Libya

Gurgi Mosque and Ahmed Pasha Karamanli Mosque

We made a very interesting visit to the two most important mosques of Tripoli: the Gurgi Mosque with a beautiful interior and the Ahmed Pasha Karamanli Mosque, which could not be visited inside, but full of  numerous typical courtyards.
Gurgi Mosque

Gurgi Mosque

Tripoli

The Suq (or Suk) divided in market sectors Suq al-Attara, Suq al-Rabaa, Suq al-Turk

The Suq (or Suk ) is divided into market sectors, each one has a name: Suq al-Attara, Suq al-Rabaa, Suq al-Turk. Each sector offers colours and glimpses of particular interest and I hope to have presented them at the best.
Suq al-Rabba

Suq al-Rabba

Tripoli – Libya

Museum of Jamahiriya

The Jamahiriya Museum preserves wonderful findings which belong to the Libyan heritage.

The museum is very well organized: it is divided into five levels, with an excellent lighting and a very good expositive choice.

Museum of Jamahiriya - Mosaics of Sabratha

Museum of Jamahiriya - Mosaics of Sabratha

Tripoli

Sabratha, archaeological site: Baths of the Ocean, Baths of the Sea and nice mosaics

We went to the west side of Tripoli to visit the wide archaeological site of Sabratha which hosts numerous monuments to be visited, all of special interest. I remember the Baths of the Ocean and the Baths of the Sea characterized by beautiful mosaics.
Liber Pater Temple

Liber Pater Temple

Sabratha – Libya

Sabratha: the theatre

The theatre of Sabratha was the largest in Africa with a capacity of five thousand spectators.

It is particularly spectacular the backdrop of the stage with a triple row of columns, while the pulpit, absolutely magnificent, is decorated with very well preserved bas-reliefs.

Theatre of Sabratha

Theatre of Sabratha

Libya

Sabratha: Roman Museum

The visit to the archaeological site of Sabratha ended with the Roman Museum, very interesting, and the Punic Museum, of minor importance .

In addition to the statues and frescoes, there are particular interesting mosaics which come from the Basilica of Justinian.

Mosaics of the Basilica of Justinian

Mosaics of the Basilica of Justinian

Sabratha – Libia

Leptis Magna, archaeological site: Septimius Severus Arch, Baths of Hadrian, Forum of Severus

Then, we went to the east side of Tripoli to visit the archaeological site of Leptis Magna, a city with many monuments, all of exceptional beauty. I mention the most significant ones: the Septimius Severus Arch, the Baths of Hadrian, the Forum of Severus and the Market place.
The Market place

The Market place

Leptis Magna – Libya

Leptis Magna, archeological site: the Museum

The Museum of Leptis Magna is less interesting than that of Sabratha. Nevertheless, there are numerous artifacts and almost all statues are of great beauty, especially that of the God Neptune.

Museum of Leptis Magna

Museum of Leptis Magna

Libya

Villa Seleen: big villa in front of the sea with wonderful mosaics

Finally we visited a Byzantine sumptuous villa, situated in front of the sea: Villa Seleen.

It is a big villa with many rooms, all filled with beautiful mosaics (unfortunately the state of preservation is unsatisfactory).

The visit to the Libyan cities, both the modern and the ancient ones, is finished.

Villa Seleen

Villa Seleen

Libya

The stony desert of Msak Settafet and Wadi Methkandoush, rich in rock engravings (16.000 years old)

Initially, we crossed the Mesak Settafet a stony desert called ” ocean of stone”. We arrived at Wadi Methkandoush which is the site with the largest and oldest (16.000 years old) collection of rock engravings of Libya.

The engravings represent many animals like crocodiles, elephants, giraffes, hippos, ostriches, rhinos.

The most representative engraving, due to its location, its beauty and conservation state, is the “Fighting Cats” (Meercatze).

Wadi Methkandoush

Wadi Methkandoush

Libya

Grande Wadi Imriwan (or “Valley of Scia”) and sand dunes of Idehan Murzuq

In the afternoon we crossed the Great Wadi Imriwan, also called the Valley of  “Scia”, from the name of the plant that grows there (like chamomile); then we entered the heart of Idehan Murzuq (Murzuq Desert), a mountain range formed by sand dunes. Among those dunes we camped for the night.

The whole group was considerably excited  being the first time that we were sleeping in a tent among the dunes of the desert. It was interesting to learn how to put up tents and to light a fire, with the wood brought by the Tuareg, in order to prepare dinner. I cannot forget the Taajeelah , the Tuareg’s bread, cooked under the sand, made ​​hot by fire, and covered with other very hot sand.

Wadi Methkandoush

Wadi Methkandoush

Libya

Msak Mellet (rock engravings), Abahoa Pass, Wan Kasa (multicolour dunes)

The next day, we left the dunes of Murzuq Desert and slowly began to walk a track which was very fatiguing for the large amount of black stones that constituted it. Then we met a site full of petroglyphs (rock engravings).

The track became sandy although surrounded by mountains of black stone: it is the Msak Mellet.

And it was under the shade of a big tree…the place where we opened the ”Ristorante Venezia” (Venice Restaurant).

In the afternoon, after passing the Abahoa Pass, we arrived in the “Sand Sea” formed by the dunes of Wan Kasa (or Caza). The dunes got different colours depending on the light: ranging from a pale pink to a light grey. And it was among those dunes that we should have spent our second night in the desert, but Shik, the Tuareg chief, considering a strong wind which suddenly had arisen, decided to continue until Akakus where it was easier to find some places to shelter from Garbi wind.

Leaving Wan Kasa, the scene changed again: we travelled on a thin layer of sand, surrounded by numerous  towers and pinnacles of black rock.

Despite Shik had chosen a very sheltered place to camp, during the night we were disturbed by a blustering hot wind.

Akakus

Akakus

Libya

Akakus: Wadi Wan Millal, Imenineh bell, Wadi Anshal, Natural Arch, Terezen

In the morning of the next day, our third day in the desert, we started along the northern edge of Wadi Wan Millal, until we reached the Imenineh well.

Then we arrived to Wadi Anshal where we stopped to visit two sites of prehistoric rock art:

– The former with paintings of the ”Roundheads period” ( 8000-6000 BC),

– The latter with paintings of the ”pastoral period” ( 5500-2000 BC).

We went on until we reached the Natural Arch, imposing and majestic (150 meters high), which is the most spectacular rock formation in Akakus.

We had lunch in the shade of a high protruding rock admiring the Natural Arch.

The temperature was high as well as humidity and flies were really annoying.

In the afternoon, after visiting another site of prehistoric art, we passed through an area called Terezen, which in Arabic means “nice site”. We stopped in time to organize our camp in a place that definitely sheltered us from the wind; it was our last night in tents.

Natural Arch

Natural Arch

Wadi Anshal – Libya

Tingaliga Arch, Wadi Tashwinat, Tinankofot, Inapolu Arch, Wan Kasa

We began our fourth day in the desert visiting the Tingaliga Arch, before entering the great Wadi Tashwinat (we had to pay and get the ticket!); here it is where professor Mori carried out his researches and I describe his activity in the next gallery.

After the lunch break, we visited the only Tuareg village still existing within the Wadi Tashwinat area.

We left that area and entered the one of Wadi Tinankofot which in Arabic means: Stone Sea.

The landscapes were stunning; less spectacular was the Inapolu Arch.

Inalopu Arch

Inalopu Arch

Akakus – Libya

With a quick transfer on hard sand we followed the trail that runs along the dunes of Wan Kasa, on our right. Suddenly Shik (being the chief was always on the first of the jeeps), sharply turned right and began to climb, at high speed , a very steep sand dune, until we got to the top. From there, we could admire a wonderful panorama.

We had just the time to leave again that a strong wind began to blow carrying clouds and rain.

We arrived at the tented camp in Alfaw with wind and rain that continued throughout all the night.

Wan Kasa

Wan Kasa

Akakus – Libya

Tagrel cave paintings (or Takdhalt) and Wadi Melol discovered by prof. Fabrizio Mori

As previously mentioned, that day we visited several archaeological sites discovered by Professor Mori.

In the first site we saw cave painting of “tintaharari”(giraffes), and a second site with engravings representing two elephants, and finally the Tagrel cave paintings (or Takdhalt) representing coloured dancing women.

Later we visited the site where it was found the skeleton of a child which dates back to 5400 years ago, and finally the site with scenes of a marriage (in Wadi Melol).

Painting of “tintaharari”

Painting of “tintaharari”

Akakus – Libya

Wadi Adad, Awiss, Alkamar (“lunar landscape”)

We began our fifth day in the desert with a light autumn rain. It did not rain all day long, but the sky remained covered with rainy clouds influencing the quality of the pictures.

Shortly after the departure, we stopped at Wadi Adad, a symbolic place for Tuareg, with the thumb-shaped rock.

We entered the wide area of Awiss, formed by several wadis, which offered us a wonderful view of nature: we travelled on a carpet of red sand surrounded by tall arches, pinnacles and rocks with the most unlikely shapes.

Even that day we visited several sites of prehistoric art that I describe in the next gallery.

After stopping for lunch, surrounded by grazing camels, we began to walk the area of Akakus that the Tuareg call Alkamar, or “lunar landscape”. And still more sand, more black rocks, more fascinating landscapes, although  the presence of clouds did not allow us to have a good light.

We ended the day with a final thrill: with the jeep, Shik drove us with a jeep up to a very steep dune, stopped at the top with the bottom of the vehicle, and then went down despite the really steep slope.

Alfaw Camp

Alfaw Camp

Akakus – Libya

Awiss (cave paintings) of the “pastoral period”, the “cabalino period” and the “great wildlife”

The first visited site had very damaged carvings, instead the second site had colourful paintings depicting hunting scenes dating back from the “pastoral period” to the “cabalino period” ( 5.500-100 BC). In the last site, we admired carvings of the “period of the great wildlife” ( 10.000-6.000 BC ) depicting three elephants.

Awiss (rock paintings)

Awiss (rock paintings)

Akakus – Libya

Al Aweinat, first village out of Akakus, night at Ubari (hotel built from an Italian Fort italiano of the 1930s)

We left the Akakus during another rainy day. As we moved away the landscape lost its intense beauty to become a sandy plain.We met a group of children who were playing even though they were in charge of a group of goats.

We reached Al Aweinat, the first town that we met after six days in the desert.

As soon as we reached an asphalted road, we had a “technical stop” for the jeeps to buy petrol and inflate the tires of our jeeps.

We had not even time to get down from the car that it had already been organized a market for the tourists.

The rain didn’t stop  and the Tuareg created a kitchen and a dining room in an abandoned radio and television station.

We arrived to Ubari and we went to stay in a Fort, built by the Italians in the 1930s, which has been converted into a hotel.

It was the worst place of the entire trip (rooms had neither private bathrooms nor windows).

Ubari

Ubari

Akakus – Libya

Ubari lakes: Mandara Lake, Umm Al Maa Lake, Mavo Lake, Gebraoun Lake, Tekerkiba

The last day in the desert area was dedicated to the visit of Ubari lakes and of the dunes that surround them.

It was a beautiful sunny day although very windy.

We started from Ubari, going towards Germa, ad after about an hour of paved road,  we sharply  turned  left. Suddenly, and it seemed almost impossible, we were surrounded by beautiful sand dunes.

Before arriving at the Mandara Lake (drained at the moment) we stopped several times to take pictures.

We arrived at the Umm Al Maa lake (its name means: mother of water), then we saw the small but beautiful Mayo lake. Finally we reached Gebraoun Lake, the largest one, surrounded by high dunes from which some tourists were trying to descend using skis. We stopped for lunch before going back.

Umm Al Maa Lake

Umm Al Maa Lake

Dune Di Ubari – Libya

Our jeeps seemed to float on the soft sand, smoothed by the wind while around us there was an infinite number of beautiful sand dunes.

Suddenly, the dunes changed their colour: from yellow to pink, from pink to ocher, from ocher to orange.

Then suddenly as they had appeared, the dunes disappeared.

We reached Tekerkiba and the paved road; we had just the time to get to Sheba, where, after the usual long wait at the airport, we flew over Tripoli to return to Italy.

Libya wondered us with its archaeological beauties quite superior to what we had expected from our studies while the desert, the Akakus and its magnificent graffiti gave us immense emotions.